帮您成为专业的发明人 – Help you become a professional inventors

新闻动态 > 媒体报道

Techdirt: 中国从“海盗”王国变身专利巨魔

作者:格林·穆迪  

西方国家不断强化TPP和ACTA等协议中对于专利的保护,是因为它们认为这样就能对正在崛起的中国经济力量征收经过大量注水的专利权使用费。然而一个被完全忽略的事实是,中国也将能够利用这项制度“以子之矛攻子之盾”:收购专利并起诉西方公司。Techdirt就曾报道中国如何提供资金,激励企业赴海外申请数量庞大的各种专利。现在,她对抗西方的专利战略又进一筹,设立了一家睿创专利运营基金。这里引述一段Citizen Outreach网站发布的相关新闻稿:

随着“中国睿创专利运营基金”的成立,不难想象美国企业将遭受的袭击。有报道称,这个由中国政府资助的巨魔获得了500亿美元(校正:睿创基金总体规模约为2亿元人民币)的种子资金,用于收购将来在对抗美国公司的行动中能够派上用场的专利。由于这些机构并不拘泥于其所购买专利的质量,睿创基金将建立一个庞大的弹药库,用于骚扰性诉讼。中国现在操纵市场、挫败海外竞争方面占据了更有利的地位,并正将自己推向全球专利大战的“头狼”位置。


也许有点夸张,但基本属实——而且完全可以预见。中国政府的举措将成为美国发展历程的一个更大的“翻版”——当年美国正是通过无视法律、剽窃西欧专利创意才为自己的工业革命注入了动力,后来又运用相同的法律工具对抗欧洲公司。

作者格林·穆迪小传:
他在伦敦工作,作品见诸于《连线》、《计算机周报》、《Linux Journal》、《卫报》、英国《每日电讯报》、《新科学》、《经济学人》和《金融时报》等。2009年,他在博客中发表了对萨帕特罗政府软件教育政策的批评文章(西班牙的耻辱)被《Linux Today》转载,并在西班牙媒体上引起轰动。

 

英文原文

https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20141015/11492128839/china-copies-us-as-it-turns-pirate-nation-to-patent-maximalist.shtml

China Turns From ‘Pirate’ Nation To Giant Patent Troll

By Glyn Moody

 

The West’s constant push for stronger patent protection in agreements like TPP and ACTA is based on the belief that they will then be able to deploy their supercharged patents against the rising economic might of China. What this completely overlooks is the fact that China will be able to turn the self-same strengthened patent regime against the West by acquiring patents and suing Western companies. Techdirt has already reported on how China is providing financial incentives for its companies to file huge numbers of patents overseas. Now it has taken another step in bolstering its patents strategy against the West by setting up a company called Ruichuan IPR Funds. Here’s a press release that the site Citizen Outreach has issued on this move:

 

With China’s creation of Ruichuan IPR Funds, imagine the assault that U.S. companies will face. Reports are that this government-sponsored troll has been seeded with $50 billion to acquire patents that will be used in actions against U.S. companies. Inasmuch as trolls aren’t sticklers for the quality of the patents they purchase, Ruichuan IPR Funds will be able to build a massive arsenal for use in harassment litigation. China will now be in a better position to manipulate markets, handicap the overseas competition, and push itself to the head of the pack in the global patent wars.

 

A little hyperbolic perhaps, but essentially correct — and completely foreseeable. The Chinese government’s move is part of a larger story that recapitulates America’s own evolution from a “pirate” nation that fuelled its industrial revolution by ignoring the law and appropriating Western Europe’s patented ideas, to one using the same legal instruments against European companies. (end) Glyn Moody’s short bio: He works in London and his writings have appeared in Wired,[2] Computer Weekly,[3] LinuxJournal,[4] The Guardian, Daily Telegraph, New Scientist, The Economist and Financial Times, among others. In 2009, criticism on his blog (The Shame in Spain) against the software education policy of the government of José Luís Rodríguez Zapatero appeared on LinuxToday and had impact in Spanish press.